But Hindus and Muslims divide the religious-cultural matrix in India. These are considered important on occasions like birth, death, marriage, offering of prayer etc. Singh are of the opinion that modernity and tradition can co-exit. Their ashram in South Fallsburg, New York, includes residents of many religious traditions and observes the religious holidays of many traditions as well. A woman is seen in the society with more intense ridicule sight and become at higher risk of honor killing if she is involved in the love marriage or inter caste love marriage. They have to suffer a lot in their daily life to nourish their career as well as saving their family relationships. To summarize it all briefly, the Northern California Hindu Businessmans Association has published an information card on which the Nine Beliefs of Hinduism are printed. Large trading farms offered new manufactured goods longstanding patterns of social organisation were weakened pluralism in india essay and networks of social structure and culture were created which were modern as well as pan-Indian. Sexual harassment: It is the form of sexual exploitation of a girl child at home, streets, public places, transports, offices, etc by the family members, neighbors, friends or relatives. Thus, Hinduism embodies the response of the Indians, and Islam represents that of the Arabs.
Essay on the pluralism and democracy in, india
There are others, however, who tend to identify Hinduism not so much with beliefs, pluralism in india essay but with India. Since religion is our topic here, let us consider, why do we need to stick to certain beliefs? The new values call for equality and independence in development of personality. Although these two authors present differing views of religion, there is something common between them. Beyond the difficulty of explaining what Hinduism is, there is the confusion added to the picture by the insistence of many spiritual movements with their roots in India that they are not Hindu. Advertisements: Therefore, according to Prof. Status of widows: Widows are considered as worthless in the Indian society. Women are continuously facing many problems even after having self-confidence, individuality, self-respect, personality, capacity, talent, and efficiency more than men. Therefore, they support fast modernisation in India. In Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology. If you act like you are above someone and make them feel inferior to you, you are not a real Hindu. Within the family and in the neighbourhood there is the authoritative behaviour from time immemorial.
Essay on Religious, pluralism as Value in, india (621 Words)
Abstract, this paper discusses the view of John Hick on religious pluralism and the arguments presented by Albert Plantinga in support of religious exclusivism. The Bodos in the Assam are pluralism in india essay demanding autonomy for themselves. Advertisements: All aspects of social life in India are permeated by hierarchy. Issues and Problems faced by Women in India Essay 3 (200 words). Furthermore, he illustrates that even if one is born of Christian parents and naturally becomes a Christian at birth, s/he has the obligation to find out if the beliefs s/he is brought up with are true.
They may face violence within the family (dowry related harassment, death, marital rape, wife-battering, sexual abuse, deprivation of healthy food, female genital mutilation, etc) or outside the family (kidnapping, rape, murder, etc). During the seventeenth century, modernisation of the sub-culture began with the socialisations of a small nucleus of traders-cum-middle men in the western manner. At the present stage of modernisation the very principle of inter-structural autonomy is breaking down. Is it not because of salvation? It may also be that as Hinduism becomes more and more circumscribed with beliefs and creeds, more and more of the groups concerned with yoga or meditation practice choose to opt out. Similarly, in 2009 the Hindu American Foundation (HAF) created Hinduism 2 Go cards, which members distribute at interfaith events and religion conferences, outlining Hinduism in a quick-reference way. Plantinga further illustrates the notion of Zweckrationalist by Weber, which suggests valuing our motives based on our end goal.
The Process of Modernisation in, india, essay
They simply cannot take a stand. Advertisements: However, in the post-independence India, ironically the system of democratic governance, especially through the electoral method of selection of the ruling dispensation, has enabled political mobilisation on the basis of all possible group loyalties-caste, class, community, region, religion and language. Students can select any essay on Issues and Problems faced by Women pluralism in india essay in India or only Issues and Problems faced by Women in India paragraph given below to get success during essay writing competition in their schools. In the most part of his essay, Plantinga defends exclusivism against moral and intellectual issues raised against. Grooms family perform bride burning in case of lack of fulfilled dowry demand. The Bengali speaking Muslims of the eastern Pakistan split to form Bangladesh. Its major aim was to achieve egalitarian society. Problems of female education : Women education percentage is low in India especially in the rural areas because they are discouraged for higher education like professional and technical education.
Moreover, if we are to interpret, he means that by sticking with what one believes in, one is not pluralism in india essay necessarily stepping on the moral rights of others. This does not mean that women are not respected among the Hindus but it only indicates that males had dominated the social and religious life of the Hindus throughout the ages. The scenario of transition in rural society suggests that the process of planned development has resulted in rural transformation in different parts of the country. Restrictions relating to commensality are losing ground and inter caste marriage is going. India has set at least four goals with regard to development: the goal of self-sustained growth, the goal of high rate of growth, the goal of equity and justice. That is why they are lost in accepting all religious possibilities. Hindus believe that divine beings exist in unseen worlds and that temple worship, rituals, sacraments as well as personal devotionals create a communion with these devas and Gods. The vast majority of Indias population lived in isolated villages and tribal communities. Additionally, in his essay, Plantinga attacks pluralists for not having a stand on certain things or not being able to discern what to believe. He has a duty to infer if those beliefs are true or not, therefore an exclusivist should be able to verify if his beliefs are absolute truths before he believes in them. Introduction of Five Year Plans prescribed a number of measures for eliminating or reducing the exploitation of farmers by the landlords and moneylenders. Spread of means of communication and transport, industrialisation, social reforms expansion of western education and a universalistic legal system were construed as the normative components of modernisation in India.
Is very much on the agenda of American Hindus. Hindu and Hinduism reflect the culture and ethos of Bharat (India) and hence include Sikhism, Jainism, and Buddhism, says. He passes on to us the obligation to verify if what we believe in is true, based pluralism in india essay on logical reasoning and end result. From the status of equality women began to be considered inferior and unequal. (1988) was published by a leader in the New Orleans Hindu community, writing as an immigrant father in response to a set of questions posed by an American-born child. Firstly, it explains in brief the idea of Hick regarding religious pluralism. Women were only responsible to the traditional roles like child bearing and child rearing. In his book Traditional Values in Indian Life,. In contrast to the belief of religious pluralism, Albert Plantinga presents the view of religious exclusivism. Advertisements: We may now discuss the process of modernisation in India and the modern social values accepted by the people.
Immigration to the United States
The crisis of governance at the local level has thrown up a secessionist elite at the periphery. Exposure to education on the Western lines created new political culture and tradition of nationalism; the administrative and defence needs became complex led to the growth of bureaucracy and the modern army; and growing technology; and education created a new structure. According to this point of view, we must progress towards modernity, but without sacrificing what is best in the tradition. He is telling us that although there are some differences in religious beliefs, due to geographical and cultural reasons, there are also certain truths which these religions share. Female illiteracy id higher in the rural areas.
Structural inconsistencies and contradictions were there even during the post-colonial phase of modernisation. The attitudes of the British rulers in India were formed in a social background of transformed stratification, social reformation, emergence of Protestantism, cumulative chain of innovations in science and technology and a rational individualism in the economy and society. They have to perform both family and professional responsibilities together without the help of their husbands. Although the classical modernisation studies focused on the negative role of tradition, the new modernisation studies reveal the intricate relationship between tradition and modernity. Hindus believe that no particular religion teaches the only way to salvation above all others, but that all genuine religious paths are facets of Gods Pure Love and Light, deserving tolerance and understanding. This way, we will create a nation of peace and harmony. Both are concerned with harmony. Steps taken by Government regarding Womens Safety. Women face a lot of challenges because of the existence of patriarchal society, child bearing and family care roles, deep rooted cultural norms, etc in the Indian society.
Indian, democracy and, pluralism
Women in the Indian society have been considered as inferior than men for many years. Later on it led to the institution of a pluralism in india essay modernisation of Great tradition. Girls children are becoming real victims of the discrimination. The attitudes of the people are oriented in the direction of secularism. However, for exclusivists like Plantinga, such belief is not acceptable if one is to consider the faculties of man for sound reasoning. Are traditional values always obstacles to modernisation? They began, Although the Hindu religion is strongly monotheistic and follows the revealed scripture (Gita: The Song of God, revealed 5000 years ago by the Supreme Lord Himself yet at the same time, the distinct feature of Hindu religion. Women in India are considered as burden for their parents and husbands as they think that women are here only to consume money whole life without earning a little bit. The economy was simple and economic productivity above subsistence was relatively low.
Provision has been made for the reservation of jobs for the backward castes which violates the spirit of the Constitution. Few Hindu immigrants to the United States ever had to answer this question in India where the culture and religious ways of Hinduism are so much part of the fabric of life; very few had to think about how to preserve, define, or explain. Is it the Christians, the Muslims, or the Jews? The manufacturing imperialists want to take the advantage of this dependency and to make India subservient to the industries of their own. Micro-structures such as caste, family and village community have retained their traditional character. The process of social restructuration going on in our society is full of contradictions. Women for them are only medium to keep family happy and healthy. It means that the country should not be dominated by developed countries. Advertisements: The third goal envisaged reduction of sectorial and social disparities.
Even a few hundred years ago Hinduism was not a Hindu word, nor were there Hindu beliefs articulated as such. For pluralists like Hick, everyone is entitled to salvation. Some of the values started with the process of modernisation could be seen in the form of such institutions as equalitarian legal system, a constitution, a national bureaucracy and a developed educational system. However in the middle age, the status of women got down to a great extent. Domestic violence: it is like endemic and widespread disease affects almost 70 of Indian women according to the women and child development official.
Essay on Issues and Problems faced by Women in, india
Dowry system is another huge women problem in the society which is increasing day by day. For instance, a Buddhist wife could live harmoniously with a Christian husband although both do not share each ones beliefs. The overwhelming assertion of the Hindu right wing in politics in recent years emerged as yet another indication of the nature of political transform, certain levels. India is becoming progressively democratized. Early primitive beliefs recognized forces in nature as greater than man, from which transcended the idea of the divine God who is all-powerful and all-knowing. Two other rural development programmes pluralism in india essay such as Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (jgsy) and Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojan a (sgsy) have been launched from April, 1999. Advertisements: A considerable amount of resources was spent through irdp and Jawahar Rozgar Yojana(JRY) for rural development. They have to prove their devotion, seriousness and sincerity towards work time to time. All these structures were compatible with the tradition.
However, the demand for a clear, unambiguous definition of religion has become ever pluralism in india essay more insistent with the rise of more fundamentalist voices in many religious traditions. Parents of boys demands a lot of money from the brides family to be rich in one time. Context, the need to explain the tradition comes from many sides. Additionally, Hick views that although there are differences in the religions due to cultural differences, gradually, these religions will grow closer together, that is, they will not necessarily become one as if people will be converted to a specific. There has been decline in the rituals of life cycles due to the process of secularisation. Hindus responded by explaining their faith in a way that seemed to fit the mold of the others. Such persons do not want to abandon tradition at any cost whatever. Whatever the case may be, the question What is Hinduism? Some of the major problems modern women are still facing mentioned below: Violence against women : Women are getting affected by the various violence almost every day which is disrupting the society. The competition for resources between the two communities, basically initiated by the elite-driven politics during the colonial days led to partition of the British colonial India into two separate states. Following independence, modernisation process in India has undergone a basic change from its colonial pattern. In particular, in India, the concept of the divine is more associated with a female god which is in contrast with the herdsmen in the Near East who perceived God to be male.