Use of project design tools such as the logframe (logical framework) results in systematic selection of indicators for monitoring project performance. Also see non-sampling error, systematic error. This is the reason why they are purposively chosen as subjects. Pros: Simple, convenient, and accessible this is the best guide for newcomers to the field Effective use of an monitoring evaluation term paper example framework to help the reader to create their own Cons: Not useful for large projects or programs Requires. Health Behavior: An individual action that impacts health, either positively or negatively. Activities involve the mobilization of inputs to produce specific outputs. Back to Top N Needs Assessment: A systematic investigation that identifies and reports on the challenges facing a target population. Non-Sampling Error: Deviations from the true value due to random error or systematic error; also called s tatistical error. Whether youre curious about the basics (like what monitoring and evaluation is attempting to determine the importance of project monitoring and evaluation in general, or working to identify relevant indicators, these guides are a fantastic starting point.
Monitoring, and, evaluation, in South African Government, Sample
Dopa Indicators : In a slightly abbreviated version, performance measures could be defined in terms that are: D irect - Clear and obvious means for reporting on change O bjective - Measurement and operational procedures involved are unambiguously stated and held. Identify potential problems, monitoring and evaluation helps in identifying potential problems at an early stage and propose possible solutions. It should be achievable, clear and measurable. Reliability: Degree by which the data from repeated measurements of some project/program aspect are consistently collected by the same means and protocols. Precision: Repeated measurements result in relative proximity of data values, regardless of whether or not these measurements approximate the true data values. Non-Probability Sampling: A process for selecting study subjects from a specified population, in a nonrandom fashion. Report formats and templates complete what is an excellent companion across the full cycle of the development program.
This handbook is a handy companion guide to project monitoring and evaluation, starting from answering basic questions before going on to discuss some basic approaches and evaluation methods. Back to Top M Means of Verification : Information or data required to measure progress against pre-set values. Smart Indicators : An acronym that provides a detailed set of criteria for monitoring evaluation term paper selecting and assessing the appropriateness of monitoring and evaluation indicators: S pecific focused and clear M easurable - quantifiable and reflecting change A ttainable - reasonable. Grosvenor Management Consulting DIY M E: A step-by-step guide to building a monitoring and evaluation framework This guide comes with a simple editable M E framework template, and is a simple handbook to setting up an monitoring and evaluation framework conveniently. Random assignment is distinct from random selection. It is an ongoing process carried out by program implementers. Back to Top R Random Assignment: Unbiased process by which persons/units sharing important characteristics are drawn from a sample frame, and may in turn be subdivided into cross-comparison groups (treatment and control). D Data: Quantitative or qualitative findings. Data reliability is analogous to data precision, as both consider whether repeated measurements are comparable. Operations Research: Analyzing existing program activities in order to improve operational and administrative performance. The researcher believes that some subjects are more fit for the research compared to other individuals. This is an ideal checklist for the expert and a how-to guide for people new to project monitoring and evaluation.
Difference Between, monitoring and, evaluation
Timeliness: Data are up-to-date when collected, analyzed and used, as planned and scheduled. Thankfully, with developments in technology, this process has become digital. An evaluation centers on whether the program succeeded in meeting its objectives. Then monitoring evaluation term paper simple random sampling within each group is done. Back to Top, c Capacity: The potential ability or suitability of serving a role, executing a function or providing a service. Data validity is analogous to data accuracy, as both consider whether what is to be measured is actually being measured. Provide guidelines for the planning of future projects (Bamberger 4). The treatment group is then treated to the intervention, and the difference between the two groups is examined for statistical significance. . Pros: Comparisons of methods includes estimates on costs, skills, and time required. Intervention: Any planned program activity aimed at achieving an intended objective/outcome.
Project, monitoring, and, evaluation, question, papers - 2852
Sometimes also called summative evaluation. Convenient overview of other resources makes finding supporting literature easy. They reflect inclusiveness of the target population and degree of attention to data quality assurance: S ubjective reports from the target population are insightful, not anecdotal. World Bank Monitoring Evaluation: Some Tools, Methods, Approaches, 2004. Back to Top I Impact : The overall long-term effect produced by a program intervention. Incorporate views of stakeholders. These mistakes include misapplying or misunderstanding research parameters and inquiries.
Back to Top E Effect : An observed change due to a program intervention. . Click below to register today! This can be done through group discussion and report reviews. Cons: While the information applies across the board, the emphasis is on issues of health Lacks an in-depth discussion of data collection methods Link to the guide: Project monitoring and evaluation (M E) guide by ifrc. Impact Evaluation: Assessment of the lasting effects of a program intervention, usually conducted at the end of the program. Evaluate the extent to which the project is able to achieve its general objectives. Undp Handbook on Planning, Monitoring and Evaluating for Development Results, 2009. Multiple intermediate achievements lead to the strategic objective. The UNs Sustainable Development Goals, for example, have a rigorous multi-level project monitoring and evaluation system. Monitor the accessibility of the project to all sectors of the target population. Output Monitoring: Periodic measurement of predetermined outputs in order to identify if stated objectives have been met (for example, number of persons trained or receiving services, condoms or treated bed nets distributed). It is organized monitoring evaluation term paper from left to right, with the inputs on the left and the impacts on the far right.
This internally valid experimental design is also known as a randomized experiment. D iverse and disaggregated set of performance indicators (for example, by sex). . Risk Behavior: Behavior performed without concern for harmful consequences. Link to the guide: Step by Step Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation by Oxford University. Quality Assurance: Process of verifying and correcting the reliability and effectiveness of data on some program aspect through the use of established tools, protocols and processes. C ross-checking of performance results and comparison with other sources. Cons: Focused mostly on energy and the environment other studies and projects might miss some methods. P articipation by target population, local staff and stakeholders. This analysis also lends support to critiquing practical implications in meeting program objectives. Back to Top G Goal : A broad statement describing an ultimate desired and long-term outcome/impact of the program. Triangulation: The use of more than two methods or sources to validate data findings on some program aspect.
Monitoring and evaluation - Wikipedia
Also see probability sampling. Performance Indicator : Variable that measures the effect of program interventions relative to what was planned. Also see non-experimental design, quasi-experimental design. Pros: Step-by-step approach makes it easier to understand and implement complex project monitoring and evaluation systems. Audit: In the context of a program, an audit is done to determine whether a program is complying with established regulations, protocols and procedures. Consistency Across Sources: Data are consistent across sources when two or more methods/sources/data collectors determine that the data collected are comparable. Non-Equivalent Groups: Groups where study subjects are not randomly assigned to the comparison and treatment groups, thus weakening internal validity monitoring evaluation term paper between them.
Also see random assignment. Further, it links to resources on understanding other aspects of a program, including how to communicate project monitoring and evaluation results. This has led to increased efficiency and lowered the costs of having a good project monitoring and evaluation framework. Results Framework : Conceptual model that outlines how program objectives are to be achieved, including causal relationships and underlying assumptions. Relative Efficacy: The degree to which a desired outcome from an intervention in an ideal or controlled setting outweighs any negative consequences. Research Bias: Error caused by researchers influencing the results to show a preferred outcome, also known as experimenter bias. A dequate - Small but sufficient number of performance measures are selected, and frequency of their collection is minimally sufficient to support data use and evidence-based management. Provide constant feedback, monitoring and evaluation provides constant feedback on the extent to which the projects are achieving their goals.
Need for, monitoring and, evaluation, term, paper
Usefulness: Relative ability of data to meet the various needs of a program, such as: providing valuable information to support or enhance the monitoring, management, or oversight of program activities; evaluation; conducting operational or other field research; and for advocacy and policy making. We have gone through a lot of guides and these are the best project monitoring and evaluation guides that we could find, written by some of the most reputed organizations in the development space. Then the researcher will select each n'th subject from the list. Outcome Evaluation: Determining the longer-term effects from program activities and substantiating attribution to changes within the target population (for example, expected increase in health care coverage rates). The organization, further, pointed out that the international community could not afford a lag in measuring progress in development. Evaluation: In-depth analysis of the program's overall performance by analyzing monitoring data and through field research (on-site observations, record reviews, surveys, interviews, focus groups). It also includes an assessment of the resources and strategies that may support program performance. Purposive - monitoring evaluation term paper subjects are chosen to be part of the sample as they fit a pre-defined, demographic characteristic. The guide is divided into 3 sections the first focuses on the conceptual framework for M E; the second focuses on six key steps for M E; and further, the appendix provides additional tools, resources, and projects for.
Register for our live webinar with Lakshay, our in-house Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, and learn how you can use high-quality evidence captured from the field to track progress and improve the performance of all your projects. Did monitoring evaluation term paper it work or not, and why? Institutional Review Board (IRB) : Committee established internally by a research center that is responsible for reviewing biomedical and behavioral research on human subjects. School of Geography Environment, Oxford University Step by Step Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation, 2014. If your project concerns energy, sustainable development, or the environment, this step-by-step guide is the resource for you.
It is also called convenience sampling. Program : Group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to achieve objectives and outcomes. Also see non-probability sampling. Conceptual Framework: An outline of the possible courses of action or a preferred approach to addressing a problem. An experiment with high specificity has a low false positive rate. Development professionals work to make positive change happen through their programs and initiatives. Suitable only for newcomers to. Using pen and paper surveys for project monitoring and evaluation led to inaccuracy and came at a high premium in terms of money, time, and effort. We hope that these monitoring evaluation term paper resources will be useful to you and lead to better project monitoring and evaluation of your program. Also see spiced Indicators.
M E, paper 5: The Challenges of, monitoring and, evaluating, programmes
It uses a simple example to build on the various steps and milestones for setting up an M E system, and contains simple tables that compare different approaches, giving pertinent information in an easily understandable monitoring evaluation term paper fashion. Selection Bias: An error in choosing study participants potentially resulting in incorrect conclusions. A, activity: Services that a program provides to accomplish objectives, such as outreach to communities, distribution of materials and implementation of counseling sessions, workshops and training seminars. E mpowering effect of working with target population and stakeholders. It is also called judgemental sampling. . It often is unrestricted to specified dates. With modules on conceptualizing and creating a project monitoring and evaluation plan, monitoring for results, and measuring impact, it provides prescriptive content on what needs to be done, by whom, and by when. They are generated from project activities, research or from the monitoring or evaluation of program performance. Contrast with impact evaluation. Logical Framework (Logframe) : Conceptual model that identifies key project elements (inputs, outputs, outcomes, impact) and their causal relationships, indicators, and the assumptions or risks that may influence success and failure. Pros: Extremely comprehensive, excellent reference guide, cons: Designed more as a reference point than a how to resource. Specificity: A statistical term referring to the ratio of correctly identified negative results to the total number of actual negative results. . Adil Khan, undp Senior Advisor for Monitoring and Evaluation).
Validity: Degree to which the data measures or describes a phenomenon as it was intended to be measured or described. For example, in an experiment, when observed changes can be directly attributed to an intervention, this causal inference is said to be internally valid. Back to Top T Target : The goal of a program. . Also monitoring evaluation term paper see random error, systematic error. Furthermore, good-quality data are consistent across the dataset, for example, a person's age will be consistent with the corresponding birth date. Sensitivity: A statistical term referring to the ratio of correctly identified positive results to the total number of actual positive results. In this way, those with particular characteristic are not under-represented. Back to Top F Feasibility: An assessment of whether a program can be undertaken successfully to achieve the desired results taking into account potential limitations (for example, limited resources or practicality of conducting the interventions). External Validity: Data are externally valid if the characteristics of the study sample that is selected and studied are similar to the characteristics of the entire population from which the sample was drawn.
(PDF) Dealing with complexity through Planning, Monitoring Evaluation
In the context of a program intervention, where, for example, protected sexual intercourse is to be promoted, the efficacy of condoms in preventing transmission and unwanted pregnancy is quite high, but their effectiveness is impaired due to inconsistent or incorrect use. Decision makers, such as managers, use evaluations to make necessary improvements, adjustments to the implementation approach or strategies, and to decide on alternatives. A good M E system promotes effective policy changes and the accountability of stakeholders. Sampling Frame: The set of people/units from which study subjects will be randomly selected. Outcome : The likely or achieved medium-term and long-term effects of program interventions.
The Best Project, monitoring and, evaluation, guides
Use: Practice in which quantitative and qualitative findings from a program are gathered, reviewed, analyzed and disseminated on behalf of any of these program-related activities: performance monitoring or evaluation; development of methods to improve or revise program implementation approaches and strategies;. Also see result, outcome. Summative Evaluation: See evaluation. Also see result, output, impact, effect. Influence sector assistance strategy. Process Monitoring: monitoring evaluation term paper Periodic (monthly or quarterly) review of pre-set targets for the level and type of inputs used and activities conducted by a program in order to achieve stated objectives.