He was also quicker to intervene in any minor gynecological problems, for instance, by correcting the position of the uterus or inserting a pessary (Marland 122). Here , add your last date of access to branch. In her essay Why I Wrote the Yellow Wallpaper? By contrast, at the beginning of the twentieth century, psychoanalysts like Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung began to explore the psychic underpinnings of mental disorders. British Medical Journal 316 796-800. Typically, the patient was not allowed to read, write, sew, feed herself, or have contact with friends or family. Other patients enjoyed the rest cure for reasons unrelated to their health. . Sit, Dorothy, Anthony. On the changing status of neurology, psychiatry, and gynecology in late Victorian essay on charlotte perkins gilman Britain, see Sengoopta.
About Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935)
Fat and Blood 41). . Philadelphia to see the doctor then regarded as the greatest nerve specialist in the country (Gilman, The Living of Charlotte Perkins Gilman 95). The rest cure was also, as Gilmans experience suggests, an effective means of reinforcing traditional gender roles. The House There is much symbolism associated with the house itself; the narrator describes the house at length in the beginning of the story. All they could say was that she was suffering from neurasthenia and that, if she could be induced or compelled to rest and eat and if she could be prevented from committing suicide, she would recover (160). Playfair remarked that his interest in neurasthenia was originally almost accidentally forced upon my attention from the very frequent association of this type of disease within the gynaecological work which is my special province (qtd. This essay will provide a more balanced perspective on the rest cure by drawing on multiple patient accounts, in addition to Mitchells own writing on nervous disease. The narrator of this harrowing tale is a new mother suffering from depression. Winifred Howells, the invalid daughter of author William Dean Howells, was sent to Mitchell in 1888 for the treatment of a disease supposed to be psychological in nature. Weir Mitchell: Novelist and Physician. 3 essay on charlotte perkins gilman While Mitchell put anxious women to bed, his male patients could choose either to rest or to journey West. Gilmans negative response to Mitchell, for instance, may have had something to do with her diagnosis as a hysteric, a class of patients to whom Mitchell was notoriously unsympathetic (Davis 97-98). I was fed, bathed, rubbed, and responded with the vigorous body of twenty-six.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman's "The Yellow Wall-paper"Writing
His treatise on the rest cure, Fat and Blood: and How to Make Them (1877 had been translated into four other languages by the time of essay on charlotte perkins gilman its authors death in 1914 (Poirier 15). The Fall of the House of Usher is perhaps his best-known short story; it set the standard by which Gothic literature, setting and even the term itself are measured. Later, he and the narrator place the supposedly dead Madeleine in an almost identical real vault. Charlotte Perkins Gilman: A Biography. In Relation to Psychotherapy. The novel describes what must have been a common phenomenon. Virginias doctors, he wrote, had not the slightest idea of the nature or the cause of Virginias mental state. A Review of Postpartum Psychosis. By removing a woman from her usual surroundings in the home, Mitchell hoped to break up the whole daily drama of the sick-room, with its little selfishnesses and its craving for sympathy and indulgence ( Fat and Blood 37). For instance, Playfair prescribed drugs more frequently than Mitchell and advocated foreign travel during the later stages of recovery. Author Rebecca Harding Davis wrote a glowing recommendation of Mitchell to a friend after her own successful treatment: I owe much to him life and what is better than life (qtd. See Micale for a discussion of such cases. Bread and butter thrice a day, and three or four pints of milk, which are given at and after meals.
Have your child with you all the time. McMichael, George.,. Mitchell worked with countless patients, both male and female, many of whom claimed to benefit from his treatment. Suffering from acute depression after the birth of her daughter, Gilman traveled. Jane Addams, the founder of Hull House, craved action and a sense of moral purpose during her 1882 rest cure. In Britain as in America, most patients were upper-middle-class women diagnosed with neurasthenia or hysteria, although some working-class hospital patients also received brief periods of rest and care (Marland 118). West Cure patients typically enjoyed their treatment; Eakins, for instance, returned looking built up miraculously after his trip to the Dakota Badlands (qtd. Mitchells successful case studies often ended when the patient got married, resumed menstruating, or carried a pregnancy to term. By putting female patients to bed and forbidding them any sort of intellectual activity, Mitchell and his colleagues ensured that these women stayed in their proper sphere. Noticing that many nervous women looked thin and anemic, Mitchell assumed that their physical and mental health would improve once they gained weight and red blood cells. University Park: The Pennsylvania State UP, 1998. Playfair and his Neurasthenic Patients.
Because the transition from somatic to psychological explanations of mental illness was gradual, so, too, was the disappearance of the rest cure. Mitchell explained that most of these patients had seen a range of different doctors without success, remaining at the end as at the beginning, invalids, unable to attend to the duties of life (. An American treatment finding a place in British therapeutics was unusual in and of itself. 1) had experienced the rest cure while under Mitchells care in the spring of 1887. This episode suggests that on occasion, Mitchells refusal to listen to nervous female patients could have tragic results. Monitor on Psychology.1 (January 2012.
The Yellow Wallpaper - Wikipedia
A typical daily menu was enormous, including a light breakfast. Mitchell began force-feeding Winifred, whom he found to be obstinate and full of hypochondriacal illusions (Cervetti 88). Mitchell continued to write about this treatment in later works such. An even more sinister account of the doctor-patient dynamic can be found in Woolfs Mrs. Like Mitchell, Playfair removed patients from their homes and placed them in the care of trained nurses, so as to fully isolate them from friends and family during the recovery process. Mitchell first described the rest cure in 1873, when discussing his successful treatment of a case of locomotor ataxia (Poirier 17). In his spare time, Mitchell penned successful novels with hysterical female characters, including. Mitchell had a scientific rationale essay on charlotte perkins gilman behind all of this food and inactivity. For a feminist like Gilman, such an attitude was bound to raise hackles. From the outside in, everything about it seems to be in a state of decline, disrepair or neglect, paralleling the steadily declining health of the occupants. When Mitchell began his private practice, he repurposed the cure as a treatment for nervous invalids of both sexes. This literary device is employed frequently by authors, and Edgar Allan Poe is no exception.
At Turners Lane Military Hospital. The Painting and Poem In the middle of essay on charlotte perkins gilman the story, Roderick paints a picture of the inside view of a vault. Dalloway (1925 in which shell-shocked veteran Septimus Warren Smith consults a prominent advocate of the rest cure, Sir William Bradshaw. But the rest cure had a social as well as a scientific rationale. The rest cure gained a much wider acceptance with the publication of Mitchells. Weir Mitchell Representing a hell of pain: From Civil War to Rest Cure. A mutton chop as a midday dinner. The Yellow Wall-paper, and the History of its Publication and Reception: A Critical Edition and Documentary Casebook. Have but two hours intellectual life a day. When Mitchell conducted an autopsy, he discovered that her complaint was organic in nature. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 1994. Extension of Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net. So Mitchell adopted a regimen of rest and nutrition to help these men build up injured nerve tissue.
Mental Illness in Literature: Charlotte Perkins Gilman's
Unlike the narrator of The Yellow Wall-paper, for instance, Gilman never had hallucinations or objections to my mural decorations (86). Roland Blake (1886 Constance Trescot (1905 and, westways (1913). Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1950. The narrator relates, if I dont pick up faster he will send me to Weir Mitchell in the fall. As Mitchell himself acknowledged, the effectiveness of his cure depended to a large extent on the doctors personal magnetism and authoritarian bearing. . Robins, a well-known actress and feminist, wrote the novel following her own rest cure in 1903.
Physicians, too, were likely to assume that psychological symptoms had a gynecological origin. Mitchell and his colleagues at Turners Lane Military Hospital were adept at detecting and punishing malingerers, using etherization and electric stimulation of muscles to ascertain real versus feigned injuries. "Literature's Love Affair With the Mind.". Gilmans autobiography and short story paint a vivid picture of what the rest cure may have been like for some nineteenth-century women. 4 This can be explained by the popular association between womens reproductive systems and their mental health during the nineteenth century. Similarly, author Amelia Gere Mason, who saw Mitchell in 1882 for her neurasthenia, credited the doctor for restoring value to her life (Schuster 705).
Anne Stiles, The Rest Cure, branch
Lippincott and Co, 1878. Endnotes 1 On the unreliability of Gilmans autobiography, particularly as regards her rest cure experiences, see Davis 95-105. Mitchell typically weighed patients every day, and counted any substantial weight gain as a clinical success. They viewed a patients past experiences as key to the development of mental pathology, and used talk therapy as a means of exploring and healing psychic wounds. Branch: Britain, Representation and Nineteenth-Century History. She decides to try the rest cure under the care. The Captive Imagination: A Casebook on "The Yellow Wallpaper. We will write a custom essay sample.
The rest cure quickly gained adherents in the United States and abroad. The rest cure seemed to have no place in this new way of thinking. It describes a once-beautiful palace in a once-green setting in which evil things, in robes of sorrow / Assailed the monarchs high estate. The Treatment by Rest, Seclusion, etc. Published October 2012 HOW TO cite this branch entry (MLA format) Stiles, Anne.